Center One Dental performs many dental procedures including surgical ones to ensure that we provide our patients the treatment they need for the improvement of their oral health. One of the things we perform here is bone grafting.
Bone grafting or transplanting of bone tissue is a surgical procedure used to fix problems with bones or joints, to fix damaged bones and joints from trauma. It is also useful for growing bone around an implanted device. A bone graft may fill a void where bone is absent or help provide structural stability. In dentistry, it is used to build bone so that dental implants can be placed. For dental implants to be successful, the jawbone must have enough bone to support them. This could sound a little daunting but bone grafting in the oral cavity today is a routine, predictable and painless procedure.
Most bone grafts are taken from your own bone and will most likely come from your chin or ramus (the back part of your lower jaw).If your dentist cannot get enough bone from these areas, he or she may need to get bone from your hip or shin bone (tibia) instead. The hip is considered to be a better source because the hip bone can provide a large amount of bone. Other options are also available if you do not prefer to have the bone taken from your own body. Your dentist can use materials made from the bone of human cadavers or cows. Synthetic materials also can be used for bone grafting.
When is bone grafting required?
You may need bone grafting before you can have dental implant surgery if your jawbone isn’t thick enough or is too soft. This is because the powerful chewing action of your mouth exerts great pressure on your bone and the surgery would likely fail if it cannot support the implant. A bone graft will allow a solid base for the implant.
How is bone grafting done?
In a bone graft procedure, the surgeon will take a section of bone from another area of your body, use a special bone grafting material, and graft it onto your jaw bone. Then you will have to wait for a couple of month while the graft creates new strong bones so as to ensure that the implant will be stable and secure. If the bone graft is successful, it should be strong enough to support your dental implant. After completing the bone graft, you can proceed with the dental implant procedure.
What to expect after the surgery?
Whether you have dental implant surgery in one stage or multiple stages, you may experience some of the typical discomforts associated with any type of dental surgery, such as:
- Swelling of your gums and face
- Bruising of your skin and gums
- Pain at the implant site
- Minor bleeding
If you experience swelling, discomfort or any other problem days after the surgery, you must contact your surgeon as you may be subscribed with pain medications and antibiotics. You may also be advised to eat soft food as your surgery takes time to heal and sometimes it takes a week or two. Usually, doctors will use stitches that dissolve by themselves but if they are not dissolving, they can be removed after 10 days.
Tips for aftercare:
Most dental implant surgeries are successful but its success depend also on your ability to make sure it lasts longer. You can do the following tips:
- Practice excellent oral hygiene. Just as with your natural teeth, you must keep implants, artificial teeth and gum tissue clean. Specially designed brushes, such as an interdental brush that slides between teeth, can help clean the nooks and crannies around teeth, gums and metal posts.
- See your dentist regularly. Schedule dental checkups every six months to one year to ensure the health and proper functioning of your implants.
- Avoid damaging habits. Do not chew hard items, such as ice and hard candy, which can break your crowns or your natural teeth. Avoid tooth-staining tobacco and caffeine products. Get treatment if you grind your teeth. Smoking can also cause implant failure and complications so try to minimize or completely eliminate smoking habits.