Tooth cracks are a problem that calls for immediate attention by a dentist. Cracks in the teeth may occur for a variety of reasons:
- Large fillings that weaken a tooth
- Extreme pressure on a tooth due to excessive clenching and grinding
- Chewing or biting on something such as fruit stones, ice, meat bones, boiled sweets etc.
- Accident or trauma
- Gum disease which causes bone loss could lead to root fractures
- Sudden changes in the temperature of the mouth
Types of tooth cracks:
- Craze lines: These are small cracks that only affect the enamel and are usually painless and harmless. Craze lines do not need any treatment.
- Cracked cusp: The cusp is the pointed part of a tooth’s biting surface. The tooth may break if the cusp gets damaged. A cusp fracture creates a sensation of sharp pain in the affected tooth while biting.
- Vertical Root Fracture: these cracks affect the biting surface down to the root and may even go into the root and below the gumline in some cases. The tooth is not split, but the inner tissues get damaged.
- Split tooth: This is often caused by a cracked tooth that has been left untreated. The tooth splits into two parts.
At Center One Dental in Canonsburg, PA, we offer a number of treatments for cracked teeth, depending upon the nature of the crack and extent of the damage caused. Some of the treatments include:
- Cosmetic Contouring: this procedure is performed for small chips. The crack is blended away by rounding and polishing the rough surfaces on the tooth.
- Bonding: Cosmetic tooth bonding involves filling a cracked tooth with composite resin to restore the shape of the tooth. Bonding can be used to repair a small chip off the biting edge of the tooth.
- Veneers: Veneers are a thin wafer-like porcelain restoration attached to the front surface of a tooth. These are a lasting solution that preserves most of the natural tooth structure. These are used when there is still a fair amount of tooth remaining.
- Crowns: A crown is a cap shaped like a tooth that fits over a cracked tooth to give it a more natural appearance. If the nerves of the tooth are damaged, root canal treatment may be needed prior to placement of a crown.
To repair cracks and chips in your teeth, or to get a custom-made dental mouth guard to avoid cracking of your teeth, contact the Center One Dental clinic in Canonsburg, PA. Call us at (724) 213-2274.